Short Case Report
Mandibular ameloblastic carcinoma: case report and literature review
Interne DES Chirurgie Orale, service de chirurgie maxillo-faciale et stomatologie, Centre de soins et de consultations dentaires Lyon, France
2 Praticien Hospitalier, service d'odontologie du Centre anticancer Léon Bérard, Lyon, France
3 Maitre de conférences des Universités − Praticien Hospitalier, unité fonctionnelle de chirurgie du service de consultations et traitements dentaires et Praticien Hospitalier, service d'odontologie du Centre anticancer Léon Bérard, Lyon, France
* Correspondence: Margaux_02@hotmail.fr
Accepted: 26 July 2019
Introduction: Ameloblastic carcinoma is an extremely rare malignant odontogenic tumor with predominantly mandibular localization. In most cases, it is treated surgically. Observation: Here, we describe a case of ameloblastic carcinoma. The patient presented a large expansive mass on the ascending branch of the left mandible, which was ulcerated and communicating with the oral cavity. He refused the proposed surgical treatment after being informed of the risk of facial decomposition. After several years, due to progressive symptomatology, he received palliative radiotherapy of 60 Gy divided into 30 sessions. Local control of the disease was achieved. Discussion: The efficiency of radiotherapy for ameloblastic carcinoma remains controversial. Conclusion: Radiotherapy appears to be a second-line approach when surgery is not feasible for ameloblastic carcinoma treatment.
Key words: ameloblastoma / carcinoma / odontogenic tumors
© The authors, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.