Minor oils from atypical plant sources / Huiles mineures de sources végétales atypiques
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Table 1

Proportional fatty acid composition of grape seed oils of different cultivars (% mean ± SD).

Fatty acid Italian Riesling Cabernet Franc Pinot Noir Sauvignon Blanc Királyleányka Rhine Riesling Merlot Lemberger
Caprylic acid (C8:0) 0.01 ± 0.002 0.03 ± 0.002 0.02 ± 0.003 0.01 ± 0.002 0.01 ± 0.003 n.d. 0.03 ± 0.005 n.d.
Capric acid (C10:0) n.d. 0.03 ± 0.003 0.02 ± 0.004 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.04 ± 0.004 n.d.
Lauric acid (C12:0) 0.01 ± 0.003 0.02 ± 0.003 0.03 ± 0.003 0.01 ± 0.003 0.01 ± 0.002 0.01 ± 0.003 0.04 ± 0.004 0.01 ± 0.002
Myristic acid (C14:0) 0.07 ± 0.003 0.10 ± 0.002 0.10 ± 0.009 0.07 ± 0.009 0.05 ± 0.004 0.08 ± 0.005 0.07 ± 0.007 0.07 ± 0.005
Pentadecanoic acid (C15:0) 0.02 ± 0.002 0.01 ± 0.003 0.02 ± 0.003 0.01 ± 0.003 0.01 ± 0.002 0.01 ± 0.002 0.02 ± 0.003 0.01 ± 0.003
Palmitic acid (C16:0) 7.81 ± 0.12 10.66 ± 0.01 9.53 ± 0.04 7.85 ± 0.15 8.53 ± 0.21 9.57 ± 0.09 8.53 ± 0.11 9.69 ± 0.09
Palmitoleic acid (C16:1) 0.22 ± 0.007 0.11 ± 0.005 0.20 ± 0.005 0.19 ± 0.004 0.18 ± 0.006 0.13 ± 0.007 0.1 ± 0.007 0.14 ± 0.005
Heptadecanoic acid (C17:0) 0.04 ± 0.002 0.04 ± 0.004 0.06 ± 0.004 0.04 ± 0.004 0.04 ± 0.003 0.05 ± 0.002 0.05 ± 0.005 0.06 ± 0.003
Heptadecenoic acid (C17:1) n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.03 ± 0.002 0.01 ± 0.003 n.d. 0.02 ± 0.002
Stearic acid (C18:0) 4.44 ± 0.15 4.68 ± 0.16 4.61 ± 0.19 4.29 ± 0.22 3.53 ± 0.19 9.93 ± 0.25 3.42 ± 0.15 3.99 ± 0.21
Oleic acid (C18:1) 19.92 ± 0.29 14.29 ± 0.08 17.52 ± 0.25 18.79 ± 0.18 15.16 ± 0.11 17.91 ± 0.36 14.49 ± 0.15 17.18 ± 0.37
Linoleic acid (C18:2) 66.85 ± 0.35 69.35 ± 0.17 67.27 ± 0.33 68.12 ± 0.27 71.57 ± 0.24 67.67 ± 0.38 72.47 ± 0.33 68.19 ± 0.25
Linolenic acid (C18:3) 0.32 ± 0.009 0.30 ± 0.003 0.3 ± 0.008 0.32 ± 0.003 0.27 ± 0.003 0.34 ± 0.007 0.32 ± 0.006 0.34 ± 0.007
Arachidic acid (C20:0) 0.13 ± 0.003 0.20 ± 0.003 0.15 ± 0.003 0.12 ± 0.005 0.09 ± 0.002 0.13 ± 0.004 0.15 ± 0.004 0.15 ± 0.002
Eicosenoic acid (C20:1) 0.12 ± 0.004 0.08 ± 0.007 0.16 ± 0.007 0.11 ± 0.009 0.11 ± 0.005 0.13 ± 0.004 0.15 ± 0.003 0.11 ± 0.008
Docosanoic acid (C22:0) 0.02 ± 0.003 0.05 ± 0.008 0.02 ± 0.002 0.04 ± 0.003 0.02 ± 0.002 0.02 ± 0.003 0.05 ± 0.006 0.02 ± 0.002
Lignoceric acid (C24:0) 0.02 ± 0.002 0.04 ± 0.004 0.01 ± 0.003 0.02 ± 0.003 n.d. 0.01 ± 0.003 0.07 ± 0.002 n.d.

Values are means triplicate determination.