Open Access
Research Article
Issue
Parasite
Volume 25, 2018
Article Number 7
Number of page(s) 28
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2018007
Published online 13 February 2018
  • Bâ CT, Marchand B, Mattei X. 1991. Demonstration of the orientation of the Cestodes spermatozoon illustrated by the ultrastructural study of spermiogenesis of a Cyclophyllidea: Thysaniezia ovilla, Rivolta, 1874. Journal of Submicroscopic Cytology and Pathology, 23, 606-612. [Google Scholar]
  • Bâ CT, Marchand M. 1995. Spermiogenesis, spermatozoa and phyletic affinities in the Cestoda, in: Advances in spermatozoal phylogeny and taxonomy, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire Naturelle, 166, Jamieson BGM, Ausio J, Justine J-L, Eds. p. 87-95. [Google Scholar]
  • Baccetti B, Afzelius BA. 1976. The Biology of the Sperm Cell. Basel: Karger. 254 pp. [Google Scholar]
  • Bachmann L, Fromm B, Patella de Azambuja L, Boeger WA. 2016. The mitochondrial genome of the egg-laying flatworm Aglaiogyrodactylus forficulatus (Platyhelminthes: Monogenoidea). Parasites & Vectors, 9(1), 285. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bakhoum AJ, Quilichini Y, Miquel J, Feliu C, Bâ CT, Marchand B. 2014. Collyricloides massanae (Digenea, Collyriclidae): spermatozoon ultrastructure and phylogenetic importance. Parasite, 21, 59. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bakhoum AJS, Miquel J, Ndiaye PI, Justine J-L., Falchi A, Bâ CT, Marchand B, Quilichini Y. 2017. Advances in spermatological characters in the Digenea: Review and proposal of spermatozoa models and their phylogenetic importance. Advances in Parasitology, 98, 111-165. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bakhoum AJS, Quilichini Y, Justine J-L., Bray RA, Bâ CT, Marchand B. 2015. Ultrastructural study of sperm cells in Acanthocolpidae: the case of Stephanostomum murielae and Stephanostomoides tenuis (Digenea). PeerJ, 3, 744. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bakhoum AJS, Quilichini Y, Justine J-L., Bray RA, Miquel J, Feliu C, Bâ CT, Marchand B. 2015. First spermatological study in the Atractotrematidae (Digenea, Haploporoidea): the case of Atractotrema sigani, intestinal parasite of Siganus lineatus. Parasite, 22, 26. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Baptista-Farias MFD, Kohn A, Barth OM. 1995. Ultrastructural aspects of spermatogenesis in Metamicrocotyla macracantha (Alexander, 1954) Koratha, 1955 (Monogenea; Microcotylidae). Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 90, 597-604. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Baptista-Farias MFD, Kohn A, Cohen SC. 1999. Spermatogenesis and spermiogenesis in Microcotyle sp. (Microcotylidae, Monogenea). Journal of Parasitology, 85, 832-838. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bekkouche Z, Fournier A, Peyrière M. 1974. Différences ultrastructurales entre Monogènes Monopisthocotylea et Polyopisthocotylea, parasites d’Amphibiens. in: Proceedings of 3rd International Congress on Parasitology. Munich: Facta. [Google Scholar]
  • Boeger WA, Kritsky DC. 1993. Phylogeny and a revised classification of the Monogenoidea Bychowsky, 1937 (Platyhelminthes). Systematic Parasitology, 26, 1-32. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Boeger WA, Kritsky DC. 1997. Coevolution of the Monogenoidea (Platyhelminthes) based on a revised hypothesis of parasite phylogeny. International Journal for Parasitology, 27, 1495-1511. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Boeger WA, Kritsky DC. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of the Monogenoidea, in: Interrelationships of the Platyhelminthes, Littlewood DTJ, Bray RA, Eds. Taylor and Francis: London & New York. p. 92-102. [Google Scholar]
  • Bovet J. 1967. Contribution à la morphologie et à la biologie de Diplozoon paradoxum v. Nordmann, 1832. Bulletin de la Société Neuchâteloise des Sciences Naturelles, 90, 63-159. [Google Scholar]
  • Bruňanská M, Mackiewicz JS, Poddubnaya Larisa G. 2017. Spermatological characteristics of the enigmatic monogenean Dictyocotyle coeliaca Nybelin, 1941 (Monopisthocotylea: Monocotylidae) reveal possible adaptation to endoparasitism. Acta Parasitologica, 62(1), 110-120. [Google Scholar]
  • Bruňanská M, Poddubnaya LG. 2017. Spermiogenesis and sperm ultrastructure in Calicotyle affinis Scott, 1911 (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea, Monocotylidae). Helminthologia, 54, 348-357. [Google Scholar]
  • Cable J, Tinsley RC. 1993. The ultrastructure of spermatogenesis and spermatozoa in Pseudodiplorchis americanus (Monogenea: Polystomatidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 71, 1609-1619. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Cable J, Tinsley RC. 2001. Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis and spermatozoa of Discocotyle sagittata (Monogenea: Polyopisthocotylea: Discocotylinea). Folia Parasitologica, 48, 209-216. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ehlers U. 1985. Das Phylogenetische System der Plathelminthes. Stuttgart: G. Fischer. 317 pp. [Google Scholar]
  • Ehlers U. 1986. Comments on a phylogenetic system of the Platyhelminthes. Hydrobiologia, 132, 1-12. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Euzet L, Combes C. 2003. Some controversial questions regarding Monogenea, in: Taxonomie, écologie et évolution des Métazoaires parasites. Taxonomy, Ecology and Evolution of Metazoan Parasites. Livre-hommage à Louis Euzet, Combes C, Jourdane J, Eds. Presses Universitaire de Perpignan: Perpignan. p. 303-320. [Google Scholar]
  • Fawcett DW. 1970. A comparative view of sperm ultrastructure. Biology of Reproduction, 2(Suppl 2), 90-127. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Fournier A, Justine J- L. 1994. Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis and spermatozoa in Euzetrema knoepffleri (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea). Parasite, 1, 123-126. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Franzén Å. 1956. On spermiogenesis, morphology of the spermatozoon, and biology of fertilization among invertebrates. Zoologiske Bidrag fran Uppsala, 31, 355-482. [Google Scholar]
  • Gibson DI. 2010. Polyopisthocotylea. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=119220 on 2016-02-24. [Google Scholar]
  • Halton DW, Hardcastle A. 1976. Spermatogenesis in a monogenean, Diclidophora merlangi. International Journal for Parasitology, 6, 43-53. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hathaway MA, Hathaway RP, Kritsky DC. 1995. Spermatogenesis in Octomacrum lanceatum (Monogenoidea Oligonchoinea Mazocraeidae). International Journal for Parasitology, 25, 913-922. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hoberg EP, Mariaux J, Justine J- L, Brooks DR, Weekes PJ. 1997. Phylogeny of the orders of the Eucestoda (Cercomeromorphae) based on comparative morphology: historical perspectives and a new working hypothesis. Journal of Parasitology, 83, 1128-1147. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Huyse T, Plaisance L, Webster BL, Mo TA, Bakke TA, Bachmann L, Littlewood DTJ. 2007. The mitochondrial genome of Gyrodactylus salaris (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea), a pathogen of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Parasitology, 134, 739-747. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Jamieson BGM, Justine J-L. 2016. Spermatozoa, Spermatogenesis and Fertilization in Schistosoma, in: Schistosoma: Biology, Pathology and Control, Jamieson BGM, Ed. CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL. p. 300-319. [Google Scholar]
  • Jovelin R, Justine J- L. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships within the polyopisthocotylean monogeneans (Platyhelminthes) inferred from partial 28S rDNA sequences. International Journal for Parasitology, 31, 393-401. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J- L. 1985. Étude ultrastructurale comparée de la spermiogenèse des Digènes et des Monogènes (Plathelminthes). Relations entre la morphologie du spermatozoïde, la biologie de la fécondation et la phylogénie. Thèse d’Etat. Université des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc (Montpellier II), Montpellier, France. [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L. 1991. Cladistic study in the Monogenea (Platyhelminthes), based upon a parsimony analysis of spermiogenetic and spermatozoal ultrastructural characters. International Journal for Parasitology, 21, 821-838. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L. 1991. Phylogeny of parasitic Platyhelminthes: a critical study of synapomorphies proposed on the basis of the ultrastructure of spermiogenesis and spermatozoa. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69, 1421-1440. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L. 1991. The spermatozoa of the schistosomes and the concept of progenetic spermiogenesis, in: Comparative Spermatology 20 Years After, Baccetti B, Ed. Raven Press: New York. p. 977-979. [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L. 1992. Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis, spermatozoa and the tegument in Atriaster sp. (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Polyopisthocotylea, Microcotylidae). Zoologica Scripta, 21, 231-238. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L. 1993. Phylogénie des Monogènes basée sur une analyse de parcimonie des caractères de l’ultrastructure de la spermiogenèse et des spermatozoïdes incluant les résultats récents. Bulletin Français de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture, 328, 137-155. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L. 1995. Spermatozoal ultrastructure and phylogeny of the parasitic Platyhelminthes, in: Advances in spermatozoal phylogeny and taxonomy. Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 166, Jamieson BGM, Ausio J, Justine J-L, Eds. p. 55-86. [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L. 1998. Non-monophyly of the monogeneans? International Journal for Parasitology, 28, 1653-1657. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L. 1998. Spermatozoa as phylogenetic characters for the Eucestoda. Journal of Parasitology, 84, 385-408. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L. 2001. Spermatozoa as phylogenetic characters for the Platyhelminthes, in: Interrelationships of the Platyhelminthes, Littlewood DTJ, Bray RA, Eds. Taylor and Francis: London & New York. p. 231-238. [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J- L. 2003. Ultrastructure des spermatozoïdes et phylogénie des Neodermata, in: Taxonomie, écologie et évolution des Métazoaires parasites. Taxonomy, Ecology and Evolution of Metazoan Parasites. Livre-hommage à Louis Euzet, Combes C, Jourdane J, Eds. Presses Universitaires de Perpignan: Perpignan. p. 359-380. [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L, Afzelius BA, Malmberg G, Mattei X. 1993. Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis in Acanthocotyle and Myxinidocotyle (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Acanthocotylidae). Acta Zoologica (Stockholm), 74, 119-126. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Jamieson BGM, Southgate VR. 1993. Homogeneity of sperm structure in six species of Schistosomes (Digenea, Platyhelminthes). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris), 68, 185-187. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L, Lambert A, Mattei X. 1985. Spermatozoon ultrastructure and phylogenetic relationships in the monogeneans (Platyhelminthes). International Journal for Parasitology, 15, 601-608. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Le Brun N, Mattei X. 1985. The aflagellate spermatozoon of Diplozoon (Platyhelminthe: Monogenea: Polyopisthocotylea). A demonstrative case of relationship between sperm ultrastructure and biology of reproduction. Journal of Ultrastructure Research, 92, 47-54. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Le Brun N, Mattei X. 1985. First report of aflagellate spermatozoon in a parasitic Platyhelminthe, found in the monogenean Diplozoon gracile (Polyopisthocotylea, Diplozoidae) . Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris) , 60, 761-762. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1982. Présence de spermatozoïdes à un seul axonème dans trois familles de Monogènes Monopisthocotylea: Ancyrocephalidae, Diplectanidae et Monocotylidae. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris), 57, 419-420. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1983. Comparative ultrastructural study of spermiogenesis in Monogeneans (Flatworms). 2. Heterocotyle (Monopisthocotylea: Monocotylidae). Journal of Ultrastructure Research, 84, 213-223. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1983. Comparative ultrastructural study of spermiogenesis in Monogeneans (Flatworms). 3. Two species of Amphibdelloides (Monopisthocotylea: Amphibdellatidae). Journal of Ultrastructure Research, 84, 224-237. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1983. Étude ultrastructurale comparée de la spermiogenèse des Monogènes. 1. Megalocotyle (Monopisthocotylea: Capsalidae). Journal of Ultrastructure Research, 82, 296-308. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1984. Comparative ultrastructural study of spermiogenesis in Monogeneans (Flatworms). 4. Diplectanum (Monopisthocotylea Diplectanidae). Journal of Ultrastructure Research, 88, 77-91. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1984. Ultrastructure du spermatozoïde du Monogène Hexostoma (Polyopisthocotylea, Hexostomatidae). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris), 59, 227-229. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1985. Particularités ultrastructurales des spermatozoïdes de quelques Monogènes Polyopisthocotylea. Annales des Sciences Naturelles (Zoologie), 7, 143-152. [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1985. A spermatozoon with undulating membrane in a parasitic Flatworm, Gotocotyla (Monogenea, Polyopisthocotylea, Gotocotylidae). Journal of Ultrastructure Research, 90, 163-171. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1985. Ultrastructure de la spermiogenèse et du spermatozoïde de Loimosina wilsoni et affinités phylétiques des Loimoidae (Plathelminthes, Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea). Zoologica Scripta, 14, 169-175. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1985. Ultrastructure du spermatozoïde de trois Monogènes Polyopisthocotylea: Cemocotyle,Heteraxine etHeteraxinoides. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris), 60, 659-663. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L, Mattei X. 1986. Comparative ultrastructural study of spermiogenesis in Monogeneans (Flatworms). 5. Calceostoma (Monopisthocotylea Calceostomatidae). Journal of Ultrastructure and Molecular Structure Research, 96, 54-63. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1986. Ultrastructural observations on fertilization in Dionchus remorae (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Dionchidae). Acta Zoologica (Stockholm), 67, 97-101. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L, Mattei X. 1987. Phylogenetic relationships between the families Capsalidae and Dionchidae (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea) indicated by the comparative ultrastructural study of spermiogenesis. Zoologica Scripta, 16, 111-116. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L., Mattei X. 1988. Bending of 9 + “1” axonemes of flatworm spermatozoa in hypotonic media: an experimental study. Journal of Ultrastructure and Molecular Structure Research, 100, 31-38. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Justine J-L, Mattei X, Euzet L. 1991. Ultrastructure of spermatozoa in two monopisthocotylean monogeneans: Encotyllabe sp. (Capsalidae) and Tetraonchoides sp. (Tetraonchoididae). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris), 66, 173-178. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kang S, Kim J, Lee J, Kim S, Min G-S., Park J-K. 2012. The complete mitochondrial genome of an ectoparasitic monopisthocotylean fluke Benedenia hoshinai (Monogenea: Platyhelminthes). Mitochondrial DNA, 23(3), 176-178. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Kritsky DC. 1976. [Observations on the ultrastructure of spermatozoa and spermiogenesis in the monogenean Gyrodactylus eucaliae Ikezaki et Hoffman, 1957]. Trudy Dal’nevostochnyi Nauchnyi Tsentralbiologo Pochvennyi Institut, Vladivostok, 34 (N.S), 70-74. [Google Scholar]
  • Le Brun N, Lambert A, Justine J-L. 1986. Oncomiracidium, morphogenèse du hapteur et ultrastructure du spermatozoïde de Pseudodactylogyrus anguillae (Yin et Sproston, 1948) Gussev, 1965 (Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea, Pseudodactylogyridae n. fam.). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris), 61, 273-284. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Levron C, Miquel J, Oros M, Scholz T. 2010. Spermatozoa of tapeworms (Platyhelminthes, Eucestoda): advances in ultrastructural and phylogenetic studies. Biological Reviews, 85(3), 523-543. [Google Scholar]
  • Li M-M., Wang Z-L., Liu H-H., Wang X-Y. 2000. [Ultrastructure of spermatozoa in Polystoma sp. (Monogenea Polyopisthocotylea: Polystomatidae)]. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 46, 361-365. [Google Scholar]
  • Lockyer AE, Olson PD, Littlewood DTJ. 2003. Utility of complete large and small subunit rRNA genes in resolving the phylogeny of the Neodermata (Platyhelminthes): implications and a review of the cercomer theory. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 78, 155-171. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • MacDonald S, Caley J. 1975. Sexual reproduction in the monogenean Diclidophora merlangi: tissue penetration by sperms. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 45, 323-334. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Malmberg G, Afzelius BA. 1990. Sperm ultrastructure in Myxinidocotyle and Acanthocotyle (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Acanthocotylidae). Zoologica Scripta, 19, 129-132. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Malmberg G, Lilliemark Y. 1993. Sperm ultrastructure of Isancistrum subulatae (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae). Folia Parasitologica, 40, 97-98. [Google Scholar]
  • Miquel J, Vilavella D, Swiderski Z, Shimalov VV, Torres J. 2013. Spermatological characteristics of Pleurogenidae (Digenea) inferred from the ultrastructural study of Pleurogenes claviger, Pleurogenoides medians and Prosotocus confusus. Parasite, 20, 28. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Mollaret I, Jamieson BGM, Adlard RD, Hugall A, Lecointre G, Chombard C, Justine J- L. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of the Monogenea and their relationships with Digenea and Eucestoda inferred from 28S rDNA sequences. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 90, 433-438. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Mollaret I, Jamieson BGM, Justine J-L. 2000. Phylogeny of the Monopisthocotylea and Polyopisthocotylea (Platyhelminthes) inferred from 28S rDNA sequences. International Journal for Parasitology, 30, 171-185. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mollaret I, Justine J- L. 1997. Immunocytochemical study of tubulin in the 9 + “1” sperm axoneme of a monogenean (Platyhelminthes), Pseudodactylogyrus sp. Tissue & Cell, 29, 699-706. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mollaret I, Lim LHS, Malmberg G, Afzelius B, Justine J- L. 1998. Spermatozoon ultrastructure in two monopisthocotylean monogeneans from Malaysia: Pseudodactylogyroides marmoratae and Sundanonchus micropeltis. Folia Parasitologica, 45, 75-76. [Google Scholar]
  • Olson PD, Littlewood DTJ. 2002. Phylogenetics of the Monogenea − evidence from a medley of molecules. International Journal for Parasitology, 32, 233-244. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Olson PD, Tkach VV. 2005. Advances and trends in the molecular systematics of the parasitic Platyhelminthes, in: Advances in Parasitology. Academic Press. p. 165-243. [Google Scholar]
  • Park JK, Kim KH, Kang S, Kim W, Eom KS, Littlewood DTJ. 2007. A common origin of complex life cycles in parasitic flatworms: evidence from the complete mitochondrial genome of Microcotyle sebastis (Monogenea: Platyhelminthes). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7, 11. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Perkins EM, Donnellan SC, Bertozzi T, Whittington ID. 2010. Closing the mitochondrial circle on paraphyly of the Monogenea (Platyhelminthes) infers evolution in the diet of parasitic flatworms. International Journal for Parasitology, 40, 1237-1245. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Plaisance L, Huyse T, Littlewood DTJ, Bakke TA, Bachmann L. 2007. The complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the monogenean Gyrodactylus thymalli (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea), a parasite of grayling (Thymallus thymallus). Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 154(2), 190-194. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Poddubnaya LG, Hemmingsen W, Gibson DI. 2013. Ultrastructural characteristics of the vaginae of the basal monogenean Chimaericola leptogaster (Leuckart, 1830). Parasitology Research, 112(12), 4053-4064. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Poddubnaya LG, Hemmingsen W, Gibson DI. 2014. Clamp ultrastructure of the basal monogenean Chimaericola leptogaster (Leuckart, 1830) (Polyopisthocotylea: Chimaericolidae). Parasitology Research, 113(11), 4023-32. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Poddubnaya LG, Hemmingsen W, Gibson DI. 2016. Ultrastructural observations of the attachment organs of the monogenean Rajonchocotyle emarginata (Olsson, 1876) (Polyopisthocotylea: Hexabothriidae), a gill parasite of rays. Parasitology Research, 115(6), 2285-2297. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Poddubnaya LG, Hemmingsen W, Reed C, Gibson DI. 2015. Ultrastructural characteristics of the caeca of basal polyopisthocotylean monogeneans of the families Chimaericolidae and Hexabothriidae parasitic on cartilaginous fishes. Parasitology Research, 114(7), 2599-2610. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Poddubnaya LG, Hemmingsen W, Reed C, Gibson DI. 2017. Ultrastructural characteristics of the vitellarium of basal polyopisthocotylean monogeneans of the family Hexabothriidae, with comments on glycan vesicle development and its phylogenetic significance. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 266, 50-60. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Poddubnaya LG, Reed C, Gibson DI. 2015. The surface topography of Callorhynchocotyle callorhynchi (Manter, 1955) (Monogenea: Hexabothriidae), a parasite of the holocephalan fish Callorhinchus capensis. Parasitology Research, 114(9), 3393-3399. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Quilichini Y, Foata J, Marchand B. 2009. Ultrastructural study of spermiogenesis and the spermatozoon of Microcotyle pancerii (Monogenea: Polyopisthocotylea: Microcotylidae), parasite of Meagre Argyrosomus regius (Pisces: Teleostei). Journal of Parasitology, 95(2), 261-270. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Rohde K. 1971. Phylogenetic origin of trematodes. Parasitologische Schriftenreihe, 21, 17-27. [Google Scholar]
  • Rohde K. 1975. Fine structure of the Monogenea, especially Polystomoides Ward. Advances in Parasitology, 13, 1-33. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Rohde K. 1980. Some aspects of the ultrastructure of Gotocotyla secunda and Hexostoma euthynni. Angewandte Parasitologie, 21, 32-48. [Google Scholar]
  • Rohde K, Watson NA. 1993. Spermatogenesis in Udonella (Platyhelminthes, Udonellidea) and the phylogenetic position of the genus. International Journal for Parasitology, 23, 725-735. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Rohde K, Watson NA. 1994. Spermiogenesis in Gonoplasius sp. (Monogenea, Polyopisthocotylea, Microcotylidae). Acta Parasitologica, 39, 111-116. [Google Scholar]
  • Rohde K, Watson NA. 1994. Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis and spermatozoa of Polylabroides australis (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Polyopisthocotylea, Microcotylidae). Parasite, 1, 115-122. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Santos CP, Lanfredi RM, Souto- Padrón T. 1997. Ultrastructure of spermatogenesis of Atriaster heterodus (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Polyopisthocotylea). Journal of Parasitology, 83, 1007-1014. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Sato M, Oh M, Sakoda K. 1967. Electron microscopic study of spermatogenesis in the lung fluke (Paragonimus miyazakii). Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und Mikroskopische-Anatomie, 77, 232-243. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Schmahl G, Elwasila M. 1992. Fine structure of spermatogenesis in monopisthocotylean monogeneans (Macrogyrodactylus polypteri; Pseudodactylogyrus bini). Folia Parasitologica (Praha), 39, 19-31. [Google Scholar]
  • Schmahl G, Obiekezie A. 1991. Fine structure of spermatogenesis in polyopisthocotylid monogeneans (Protomicrocotyle ivoriensis,Gastrocotyle sp.). Parasitology Research, 77, 115-122. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Solà E, Álvarez-Presas M, Frías- López C, Littlewood DTJ, Rozas J, Riutort M. 2015. Evolutionary analysis of mitogenomes from parasitic and free-living flatworms. PLOS ONE, 10(3), e0120081. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Tappenden T, Kearn GC. 1990. Spermiogenesis and sperm ultrastructure in the monogenean parasite Acanthocotyle lobianchi. International Journal for Parasitology, 20, 747-753. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Tappenden T, Kearn GC. 1991. Crystalline bodies associated with spermatozoa in the vas deferens of the monogeneans Entobdella soleae and E. hipoglossi. Parasitology Research, 77, 421-424. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Tappenden T, Kearn GC. 1991. Spermiogenesis and sperm ultrastructure in the monocotylid monogenean parasite Calicotyle kroyeri. International Journal for Parasitology, 21, 57-63. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Tuzet O, Ktari M-H. 1971. La spermiogenèse et la structure du spermatozoïde de Microcotyle mormyri Lorenz, 1878 (Monogenea). Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences (Paris) Série D, Sciences Naturelles, 272, 2702-2705. [Google Scholar]
  • Tuzet O, Ktari M-H. 1971. Recherches sur l’ultrastructure du spermatozoïde de quelques Monogènes. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 96, 535-540. [Google Scholar]
  • Watson NA, Chisholm LA. 1998. Spermatozoa and spermiogenesis in the monocotylid Heterocotyle capricornensis (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea), including observations of aberrant folding and fusing of spermatozoa in one individual. Folia Parasitologica (Praha), 45, 211-220. [Google Scholar]
  • Watson NA, Rohde K. 1992. Ultrastructure of sperm and spermatogenesis of Anoplodiscus cirrusspiralis (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Monopisthocotylea). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris), 67, 131-140. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Watson NA, Rohde K. 1994. Ultrastructure of sperm and spermiogenesis in the monocotylid monogeneans Monocotyle helicophallus and Calicotyle australiensis (Platyhelminthes). International Journal for Parasitology, 24, 1019-1030. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Watson NA, Rohde K. 1995. Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis and spermatozoa of Neopolystoma n. sp. (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Polyopisthocotylea, Polystomatidae). Parasitology Research, 81, 343-348. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Watson NA, Whittington ID, Rohde K. 1995. Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis and spermatozoa in the monogeneans Concinnocotyla australensis (Polystomatidae) and Pricea multae (Gastrocotylidae). Parasite, 2, 357-366. [Google Scholar]
  • Ye F, King SD, Cone DK, You P. 2014. The mitochondrial genome of Paragyrodactylus variegatus (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea): differences in major non-coding region and gene order compared to Gyrodactylus. Parasites & Vectors, 7(1), 377. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Zhang D, Zou H, Wu SG, Li M, Jakovlić I, Zhang J, Chen R, Wang GT, Li WX. 2017. Sequencing of the complete mitochondrial genome of a fish-parasitic flatworm Paratetraonchoides inermis (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea): tRNA gene arrangement reshuffling and implications for phylogeny. Parasites & Vectors, 10(1), 462. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Zhang D, Zou H, Wu SG, Li M, Jakovlić I, Zhang J, Chen R, Wang GT, Li WX. in press. Sequencing, characterization and phylogenomics of the complete mitochondrial genome of Dactylogyrus lamellatus (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae). Journal of Helminthology, doi: 10.1017/S0022149X17000578. [Google Scholar]
  • Zhang J, Wu X, Xie M, Li A. 2012. The complete mitochondrial genome of Pseudochauhanea macrorchis (Monogenea: Chauhaneidae) revealed a highly repetitive region and a gene rearrangement hot spot in Polyopisthocotylea. Molecular Biology Reports, 39(8), 8115-8125. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]