Spondylodiscitis: experience of surgical management of complicated cases after failed antibiotic treatment
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut 71511, Egypt
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 28 January 2020
Introduction: The term Spondylodiscitis (SD) involves infection of the vertebra (Spondylitis), infection of the intervertebral disc (Discitis), or both (Spondylodiscitis). SD represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to any spine surgeon. Any delay in its diagnosis or management may cause serious long-term morbidity or even lead to mortality. In this study, we report the experience of our Institution in the management of severe and complicated cases of SD. Methods: Over a period of 1 year, 39 patients with the diagnosis of SD were surgically treated in Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt. The management processes were tailored according to the clinical condition, radiological and lab studies of each case; and patients were then prospectively followed-up until they were cured (for a minimum of 6 months). The outcomes were analyzed, to be able to give recommendations while aiming to improve the overall outcome of such dangerous health issue. Results: In this series, patients were managed surgically by drainage and debridement of the infection site with/without instrumented fusion. Results included: satisfactory fusion was achieved in 97.3% of patients (confidence interval [CI] = 0.6856–1.3421). Neurological Improvement Rate (NIR) was 71.5% (Statistically significant improvement P-value = 0.014) and reoperation rate was 5% (CI = 0.00621–0.18525). Mortality rate was 7.7% (CI = 0.016–0.209). Several aspects were analyzed in each case. Conclusion: Surgical management of severe and complicated cases of SD allows for effective debridement and rapid cure of inflammation, earlier patient mobilization and significantly shorter duration of antibiotic usage.
Key words: spondylodiscitis / spinal infection / spinal fusion / pseudarthrosis / multi-disciplinary approach
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.