Books in English

 
3D City Models and urban information: Current issues and perspectives

3D City Models and urban information: Current issues and perspectives
European COST Action TU0801

R. Billen, A.-F. Cutting-Decelle, O. Marina, J.-P. de Almeida, Caglioni M., G. Falquet, T. Leduc, C. Métral, G. Moreau, J. Perret, G. Rabin, R. San Jose, I. Yatskiv and S. Zlatanova

Considering sustainable development of cities implies investigating cities in a holistic way taking into account many interrelations between various urban or environmental issues. 3D city models are increasingly used in different cities and countries for an intended wide range of applications beyond mere visualization. Could these 3D City models be used to integrate urban and environmental knowledge? How could they be improved to fulfill such role? We believe that enriching the semantics of current 3D city models, would extend their functionality and usability; therefore, they could serve as integration platforms of the knowledge related to urban and environmental issues allowing a huge and significant improvement of city sustainable management and development. But which elements need to be added to 3D city models? What are the most efficient ways to realize such improvement / enrichment? How to evaluate the usability of these improved 3D city models?

These were the questions tackled by the COST Action TU0801 “Semantic enrichment of 3D city models for sustainable urban development”. This book gathers various materials developed all along the four year of the Action and the significant breakthroughs.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/TU0801/201400001
ISBN: 978-2-7598-1153-3
January 2014
118 pages

Current State of Research on Pressurized Water Reactor Safety

Current State of Research on Pressurized Water Reactor Safety

Jean Couturier, Michel Schwarz

For more than 40 years, IPSN then IRSN has conducted research and development on nuclear safety, specifically concerning pressurized water reactors, which are the reactor type used in France. This publication reports on the progress of this research and development in each area of study – loss-of-coolant accidents, core melt accidents, fires and external hazards, component aging, etc. –, the remaining uncertainties and, in some cases, new measures that should be developed to consolidate the safety of today’s reactors and also those of tomorrow. A chapter of this report is also devoted to research into human and organizational factors, and the human and social sciences more generally. All of the work is reviewed in the light of the safety issues raised by feedback from major accidents such as Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi, as well as the issues raised by assessments conducted, for example, as part of the ten-year reviews of safety at French nuclear reactors. Finally, through the subjects it discusses, this report illustrates the many partnerships and exchanges forged by IRSN with public, industrial and academic bodies both within Europe and internationally.

ISBN: 978-2-7598-2164-8
January 2018
226 pages

Elements of security and non-proliferation

Elements of security and non-proliferation

Jean Jalouneix

Following on from the work on the safety of nuclear facility published in 1996, which needed to be updated and extended in scope, IRSN has created a new series of educational publications entitled "Elements of nuclear safety, radiological protection and security". The series takes up the general objective of tackling all aspects of risk management in the nuclear field, in terms of protecting human health, society and the environment. The first publication in this series, covering nuclear security and non-proliferation, describes the measures implemented in France and at international level to prevent terrorism and malicious acts and, if necessary, mitigate the consequences of any such act. It deals with the security of nuclear material, nuclear facilities and the transport of nuclear material, the security of radioactive sources and describes States' undertakings to implement safeguards relative to tracking nuclear material and chemicals to prevent their use for fraudulent purposes. These publications will be of interest to anyone concerned by these issues, especially those who work in the nuclear industry, but it will also answer many questions that members of the public may have regarding these subjects. It indudes information on context and history, the provisions and requirements contained in French regulations and international agreements, as well as details of the roles played by the various entities involved, induding IRSN.

ISBN: 978-2-7598-2071-9
April 2017
104 pages

Gamma-ray Bursts: 15 Years of GRB Afterglows

Voir aussi :

Gamma-ray Bursts: 15 Years of GRB Afterglows

Progenitors, Environments and Host Galaxies from the Nearby to the Early Universe - A.J. Castro-Tirado, J. Gorosabel and I.H. Park

Gamma-ray bursts (GRB) are amongst the most energetic phenomena in the Universe. In 1997 (more than 15 years ago), BeppoSAX allowed the detection of the first GRB X-ray afterglow, leading to the detection of afterglows at other wavelengths (optical, radio) in the following years, probing the cosmological distance scale. There are still many other open issues which still need to be addressed, regarding both theoretical and observational aspects: prompt emission and afterglow physics, progenitors (including Pop III stars), host galaxies, multi-messenger information, etc.

Collection: EAS
ISBN : 978-2-7598-1002-4
675 pages

New Concepts in Imaging: Optical and Statistical Models

New Concepts in Imaging: Optical and Statistical Models

D. Mary, C. Theys and C. Aime

This book is a collection of 19 articles which reflect the courses given at the Collège de France/Summer school “Reconstruction d'images − Applications astrophysiques“ held in Nice and Fréjus, France, from June 18 to 22, 2012.
The articles presented in this volume address emerging concepts and methods that are useful in the complex process of improving our knowledge of the celestial objects, including Earth. Read more

Collection: EAS
ISBN: 978-2-7598-0958-5
March 2013
452 pages
Paper version: 70.00 € V.A.T.

Nuclear physics for cultural heritage

Nuclear physics for cultural heritage

A topical review by
the Nuclear Physics Division of the European Physical Society

Edited by
Anna Macková, Douglas MacGregor, Faiçal Azaiez, Johan Nyberg, and Eli Piasetzky

Introduction by
Walter Kutschera

Nuclear physics applications in medicine and energy are well known and widely reported. Less well known are the many important nuclear and related techniques used for the study, characterization, assessment and preservation of cultural heritage. There has been enormous progress in this field in recent years and the current review aims to provide the public with a popular and accessible account of this work.

The Nuclear Physics Division of the EPS represents scientists from all branches of nuclear physics across Europe. One of its aims is the dissemination of knowledge about nuclear physics and its applications. This review is led by Division board member Anna Macková, Head of the Tandetron Laboratory at the Nuclear Physics Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, and the review committee includes four other members of the nuclear physics board interested in this area: Faiçal Azaiez, Johan Nyberg, Eli Piasetzky and Douglas MacGregor. To create a truly authoritative account, the Scientific Editors have invited contributions from leading experts across Europe, and this publication is the combined result of their work.

The review is extensively illustrated with important discoveries and examples from archaeology, pre-history, history, geography, culture, religion and curation, which underline the breadth and importance of this field. The large number of groups and laboratories working in the study and preservation of cultural heritage across Europe indicate the enormous effort and importance attached by society to this activity.

DOI: 10.1071/978-2-7598-2091-7
ISBN: 978-2-7598-2091-7
October 2016
84 pages

Nuclear Power Reactor Core Melt Accidents
Current State of Knowledge

Didier Jacquemain

For over thirty years, IPSN and subsequently IRSN has played a major international role in the fi eld of nuclear power reactor core melt accidents through the undertaking of important experimental programmes (the most signifi cant being the Phébus-FP programme), the development of validated simulation tools (the ASTEC code that is today the leading European tool for modelling severe accidents), and the coordination of the SARNET (Severe Accident Research NETwork) international network of excellence. These accidents are described as «severe accidents» because they can lead to radioactive releases outside the plant concerned, with serious consequences for the general public and for the environment.

This book compiles the sum of the knowledge acquired on this subject and summarises the lessons that have been learnt from severe accidents around the world for the prevention and reduction of the consequences of such accidents, without addressing those from the Fukushima accident, where knowledge of events is still evolving.

The knowledge accumulated by the Institute on these subjects enabled it to play an active role in informing public authorities, the media and the public when this accident occurred, and continues to do so to this day.

ISBN for the print version: 978-2-7598-1835-8
ISBN for the electronic version: 978-2-7598-1930-0
2015
415 pages

Oxygen in the Universe

Oxygen in the Universe

G. Stasinska, N. Prantzos, G. Meynet et al.

This book, written by a group of specialists in the different areas involved, summarises what we understand of the production and distribution of oxygen, the most abundant metal in the Universe. After presenting the methods of oxygen abundance determination in various media, it traces a panorama of oxygen in the Universe, describes the mechanisms and sites of oxygen production and finally discusses the chemical evolution of oxygen in different galactic and extra galactic contexts. An appendix thoroughly discusses the oxygen atomic data. Read more

Collection: EAS
ISBN: 978-2-7598-0710-9
May 2012
392 pages
Paper version: 70.00 € V.A.T.

PAHs and the Universe

Voir aussi :

PAHs and the Universe

C. Joblin and A.G.G.M. Tielens

Driven by ground-based, airborne, and IRAS observations, the PAH hypothesis was first formulated in the mid-eighties : the widespreas emission features in the 3-13 µm range are due to UV-pumped, IR fluorescence by large Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon molecules. These molecules are a ubiquitous component of the insterstellar medium both in local galaxies as well as out to redshifts of ~3 and probably beyond, play an important role in its physical and chemical characteristics, and form a key link between small hydrocarbon species and large carbonaceous grains. Read more

Collection: EAS
ISBN : 978-2-7598-0624-9
July 2011
483 pages
Paper version: 70.00 € V.A.T.

The CoRoT Legacy Book

The CoRoT Legacy Book

by the CoRot Team - Coordination Annie Baglin

The adventure of the ultra high precision photometry from space

This book is dedicated to all the people interested in the CoRoT mission and the beautiful data that were delivered during its six year duration.

Either amateurs, professional, young or senior researchers, they will find treasures not only at the time of this publication but also in the future twenty or thirty years.

It presents the data in their final version, explains how they have been obtained, how to handle them, describes the tools necessary to understand them, and where to find them. It also highlights the most striking first results obtained up to now. CoRoT has opened several unexpected directions of research and certainly new ones still to be discovered.

ISBN: 978-2-7598-1876-1
July 2016

The ESPAS e-infrastructure

The ESPAS e-infrastructure:
Access to data from near-Earth space

Edited by: Anna Belehaki, Mike Hapgood and Juergen Watermann

ESPAS provides an e-Infrastructure to support access to a wide range of archived observations and model derived data for the near-Earth space environment, extending from the Earth's middle atmosphere up to the outer radiation belts. To this end, ESPAS will serve as a central access hub for researchers who wish to exploit multi-instrument multipoint data for scientific discovery, model development and validation, and data assimilation, among others. Observation based and model enhanced scientific understanding of the physical state of the Earth's space environment and its evolution is critical to advancing space weather and space climate studies, two very active branches of current scientific research.

ESPAS offers an interoperable data infrastructure that enables users to find, access, and exploit near-Earth space environment observations from ground-based and spaceborne instruments and data from relevant models, obtained from distributed repositories. In order to facilitate efficient user queries ESPAS allows a highly flexible workflow scheme to select and request the desired data sets.

ESPAS has the strategic goal of making Europe a leading player in the efficient use and dissemination of near-Earth space environment information offered by institutions, laboratories and research teams in Europe and worldwide, that are active in collecting, processing and distributing scientific data. Therefore, ESPAS is committed to support and foster new data providers who wish to promote the easy use of their data and models by the research community via a central access framework. ESPAS is open to all potential users interested in near-Earth space environment data, including those who are active in basic scientific research, technical or operational development and commercial applications.

DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-1949-2
ISBN: 978-2-7598-1949-2
April 2017
174 pages

The major accident at Fukushima

The major accident at Fukushima

Working group Solidarity for Japan chaired by Alain Carpentier, Étienne-Émile Baulieu, Édouard Brézin et Jacques Friedel

“On March 11, 2011, the North-East of Japan was struck by a huge earthquake followed by a major tsunami and a series of accidents that took place at the nuclear power site at Fukushima, with emissions of radioactive elements”. This was the message addressed by Prof. Kanazawa, President of the Science Council of Japan (SCJ), only a few days after the catastrophe… Read more

Collection: Académie des sciences
ISBN : 978-2-7598-0755-0
90 pages + CD Rom
Paper version: 29.00 € V.A.T.

Well seismic surveying and acoustic logging

Well seismic surveying and acoustic logging

An overview of the current state of knowledge in the geotechnical field and possible methodology transfers from the oil industry to near surface studies
Jean-Luc Mari and Christophe Vergniault

Approaches that are typically applied in deep exploration geophysics, combining different seismic and logging methods, can be technically adapted for certain geotechnical or hydrogeological surveys or some site characterizations in the framework of seismic hazard studies. Currently it is entirely feasible to implement this type of geophysical surveying if the situation requires.

After reviewing the current state of knowledge regarding borehole measurements of subsurface shear velocities applied to the geotechnical field, this book illustrates the feasibility of carrying out vertical seismic profiles (VSPs) and logs in this field. This approach also illustrates the value of combining velocity measurements of formations provided by borehole seismic tools (VSP) and acoustic (sonic) tools.

An innovative example of the application of borehole seismic and logging methods is then presented in the case study of a relatively near-surface (from 20 to 130 m) karst carbonate aquifer. It shows how a multi-scale description of the reservoir can be carried out by integrating the information provided by different 3D-THR surface seismic methods, full waveform acoustic logging, VSP with hydrophones, borehole optical televiewer and flow measurements.

In this book the authors provide readers with guidelines to carry out these operations, in terms of acquisitions as well as processing and interpretation. Thus, users will be able to draw inspiration to continue transferring petroleum techniques and other innovative methods for use in near-surface studies.

Collection: PROfile
ISBN (ebook): 978-2-7598-2263-8
July 2018
138 pages